Are cities prepared to deal with weather phenomena? Are our cities resilient? Resilience, a key concept in the city. The cities as a whole have more and more population. According to the UN, in the 1950 year the 30% of the inhabitants of the earth lived in cities, in 2015 it was already the 54% (3.960 million people) What will happen in 2030? Their forecasts indicate that an 60% will be reached, which will mean 5.060 millions of souls living in urban centers.
This circumstance forces to obtain resilient cities. But what is resilience? The ability of a material to return to its initial state after having undergone a disturbance. If we apply it to cities, this concept measures how they respond to adverse phenomena. Not only must we think about hurricanes or earthquakes, we must also take into account floods, droughts, terrorism, etc.
Madrid, resilient city?
The international consultant ARUP, an expert in urban design and architecture, with the support of the Rockefeller Foundation, works on the design of the resilient city. He has developed an index with 12 key indicators that, in other words, are equivalent to the immune system of a city. These, on the whole, allow the inhabitants and the companies to survive and to thrive in spite of sudden tensions or disasters.
A closer example of projects that study the resilience of cities is Madrid + Natural, developed by the City. It presents several strategies that can serve as an example for the creation of green infrastructures in Madrid as a basis for urban resilience.
According to María Montero, senior consultant of ARUP, "we must be aware of the need to invest in greater resilience in disaster reduction and recovery. These measures will ensure a safer and more prosperous future, both for our cities and for the people who live in them. "
Image Maria Montero, ARUP